The quintessential Jewish question argued about and discussed for for the past 50 years or so relates to the definiton of a Jew. Jewish Law gives an absolute narrow definition as being anyone who had a Jewish mother or who converted in a traditional manner. But I think the question goes beyond that. Do Jews who follow the tradition as they believe it was passed down from generation to generation have a monopoly on the religion. Do we, and as a religious Jew I include myself in this category, have the right to tell other Jews that the "Jewish" way that they are behaving is in fact Not Jewish Behavior? What does Jewish mean to someone who does not follow the tradition? Why bother with the title, if in fact it means nothing else. As an aside, why would someone's wife want to buy them scented shampoo? Does she think her husband is gay? Does he smell that badly immediately upon leaving the shower? Does the State of Israel play any role in Jewishness? Should a non-religious Jew who's only real connection to Judaism is donating money to a yeshiva receive the Golden Torah award or maybe he should just get the "Good Rich Jewish (not frum) Person" award? Is someone like Rabbi Slifkin who was banned for writing a book asserting that science is something that gedolim may not have known considered better or worse then your average Joe Humanistic Jew by the black hat establishment that banned him? Are non-religious Jews who are "good people" better then chareidim who cheat and steal? (not that they do, but that is a line that I have often heard by people who say they don't need to be religious because religious people aren't either.
This is all food for thought for now. I'm going to try and answer some of it, at least from my perspective, over the next couple days. Feel free to leave your comments.